Year

Year

noun

Etymology

Old English yer, yeer, ȝer, Anglo-Saxon geár; akin to Old Friesic i<?>r, g<?>r, Dutch jaar, Old High German jār, German jahr, Icelandic ār, Danish, Daniel aar, Swedish år, Gothic j<?>r, Greek <?> a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, <?> a year, Zend yāre year. √4, 279. Confer (compare) Hour, Yore.
  • The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see Bissextile).
    Of twenty year of age he was, I guess.
    — Chaucer.
    ☞ The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752.
  • The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn.
  • Age, or old age; as, a man in years. Shakespeare
  • Anomalistic year
    the time of the earth's revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.
  • A year's mind
    (Ecclesiastical, Ecclesiastes) a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Confer (compare) A month's mind, under Month.
  • Bissextile year
  • Canicular year
    See under Canicular.
  • Civil year
    the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time.
  • Common lunar year
    the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days.
  • Common year
    each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.
  • Embolismic year, or Intercalary lunar year
    the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days.
  • Fiscal year
    (Commerce, Common) the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.
  • Great year
    See Platonic year, under Platonic.
  • Gregorian year, Julian year
    See under Gregorian, and Julian.
  • Leap year
    See Leap year, in the Vocabulary.
  • Lunar astronomical year
    the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.
  • Lunisolar year
    See under Lunisolar.
  • Periodical year
    See Anomalistic year, above.
  • Platonic year, Sabbatical year
    See under Platonic, and Sabbatical.
  • Sidereal year
    the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.
  • Tropical year
    See under Tropical.
  • Year and a day
    (Old Engraving Law) a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question. Abbott.
  • Year of grace
    any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini; A. Dutch or adjective d.