verb transitive [imperfect & participle past Examined ; participle present & verbal noun Examining.]


Low examinare, examinatum, from examen, examinis: cf. French examiner. See Examen.
  • To test by any appropriate method; to inspect carefully with a view to discover the real character or state of; to subject to inquiry or inspection of particulars for the purpose of obtaining a fuller insight into the subject of examination, as a material substance, a fact, a reason, a cause, the truth of a statement; to inquire or search into; to explore; as, to examine a mineral; to examine a ship to know whether she is seaworthy; to examine a proposition, theory, or question.
    Examine well your own thoughts.
    — Chaucer.
    Examine their counsels and their cares.
    — Shakespeare
  • To interrogate as in a judicial proceeding; to try or test by question; as, to examine a witness in order to elicit testimony, a student to test his qualifications, a bankrupt touching the state of his property, etc.
    The offenders that are to be examined.
    — Shakespeare
    Synonyms — To discuss; debate; scrutinize; search into; investigate; explore. See Discuss.